Role & Function of sperm

The production of sperm is a long process that begins in the epididymis (testes). It takes two to three months until the sperm cells are fully developed, which is a long period of time where any disturbance may have fatal consequences.

The production of sperm is a process that occurs in the epididymis (also called the testes). The number of sperm produced depends on a number of different factors, such as genes, environment, physical condition or the frequency of sexual intercourse, and can thus be different for each man. Sperm are constantly produced in the seminiferous tubules.

At any time, the average mature man has about two to three billion sperm available, at different stages of maturity. The average sperm maturation process takes about two to three months, i.e. every 3 months a “new set” of sperm is formed. Hormones play a decisive role in sperm production (spermatogenesis). The pituitary gland (hypophysis) produces a hormone that is known as follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). At the same time, the luteinising hormone (LH) is produced. In women both hormones lead to the maturation of eggs, while they stimulate sperm production in men.

Stages of spermatogenesis


For sperm maturation, specific nutrients are required by the body at different stages of development, such as amino acids, trace elements, vitamins and vitamin-like substances. And it is these special nutrients that provide support for optimal conditions for a normal and healthy sperm production. Due to certain circumstances and the wrong lifestyle there may be a more pronounced shortage of these substances, which however, may not be noticed by men as the deficiency.