The egg cell is now within a mature follicle. The follicle reaches its maximum size towards the middle of the cycle, it opens and it releases the egg cell with the fluid (this is ovulation). Following ovulation, the egg cell is transported through the fallopian tubes in the direction of the uterus.
The first half of the female cycle is dominated by estrogen. Under the effect of this hormone, the egg cell matures in the ovary and then ovulation on the 14th day initiates the second half of the cycle. Chronic anovulation (menstrual cycle disorder where ovulation does not take place) is a frequent cause of female subfertility. Failure to ovulate is generally the result of a hormonal imbalance. Ovulation that is not frequent enough or failure to ovulate at all is a clinical sign of PCOS.
Potential problem: poor quality of the egg cells
Thanks to their possible antiandrogenic effect, omega-3 fatty acids play a leading role in nutrient supplementation for women who wish to have a child, especially in the case of PCOS. Likewise, glycyrrhizin may have a regulating effect on testosterone production in the ovaries and can help counter anovulatory cycles (with no ovulation) in women who have PCOS, thus significantly increasing the ovulation rates. Taking green tea catechins may increase the capability of the follicle.