Diagnosis – the first step to a baby

Micronutrient combinations:

Imhof M, Matthai C, Huber JC “The use of the nutriceutical „PROfertil®“ – a therapy of the „Male factors“, for the improvement of semen quality
Abstract EAU Bratislava 2010 Oct 22, 23

Wong WY, Merkus HMWM, Thomas CMG, et al. “Effects of folic acid and zinc sulphate on male factor subfertility: a double-blind, randomised, placebo- controlled trial” Fertil Steril 2002; 77:491–498

Sinclair, S. Male Infertility: Nutritional and Environmental Factors Altern Med Rev 2000; 5(1):28–38

Sheweita SA, Tilmisany AM, Al-Sawaf H Mechanisms of male infertility: the role of antioxidants Curr Drug Metab 2005; 6:495–501.


Wallock, L.M., Tamura, T., Mayr, C.A., Johnston, et al. Effects of Folic Acid on Seminal Plasma and Sperm Quality in Smokers and Non-Smokers
Fertil. Steril 2001, 75, 252–259

Suleiman SA., Ali ME, Zaki ZM et al. Lipid peroxidation and sperm motility: the protective role of vitamin E J Androl 1996; 17:530–7 

Trace Elements:

Tikkiwal M., Ajemera R. L., Mathur N. K. Effect of Zinc on Fertility in Oligozoospermia Pharmacol 1987. 31:30–34

Netter A, Hartoma R and Nahoul K. Effect of zinc on testosterone, dihydrotestosterone and sperm count Arch. Androl. 1981; 7:69–73

Foresta, C, Flohe, L, Garolla, A, Roveri, A, Ursini, F, and Maiorino, M. Male fertility is linked to the selenoprotein phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidise Biol. Reprod. 2002;67:967–971

L-Carnitine and Coenzyme Q10:

Balercia G., Mosca F., Mantero F., et al. Coenzyme Q10 supplementation in idiopathic asthenozoospermia
Fertil Steril. 2004 Jan;81(1):93–8

Lenzi A, Lombardo F, Sgro P, et al. Combination of L-carnitine and L-acetylcarnitine in the treatment of asthenozoospermia
Fertil Steril 2003; 79:292–300

Matalliotakis I., Koumantaki Y., Evageliou A. L-carnitine in Fertility and Infertility: Connection to Sperm Quality Int J Fertil Womens 2000 Med 45: 236–240

Khdemi A., Alleyassin A., Safdarian L., et al. The Effect of L-carnitine on Idiopathic Sperm Anomalies in Smokers and Non-smokers J Assist Reprod Genet 2005 ; 22(11–12) :395–9 


Lenzi A., Culasso F., Gandini L., et al. Clinical Effectiveness of Glutathione Therapy in Male Infertility Hum Reprod 1993;8(10):1657–62

Eskiocak S., Gozen A.S., Yapar S.B., et al. Glutathione and free sulphydryl concentration in seminal plasma in healthy medical students during and after exam stress Hum Reprod 2005; 20(9):2295–600